By Sector & Industry

The following sections delve into the nature-related risks and dependencies across 11 GICS sectors consisting of 157 sub-industries and 150+ economic production processes. As applicable, each sector and industry is cross referenced to SASB and NACE.

Industries are ordered based on the S&P Ecosystem Footprint, prioritizing sectors by their impact measured in hectares. This metric integrates three critical aspects: the land area affected by a company's operations, the extent of reduction in ecosystem integrity, and the importance of the impacted ecosystems. By amalgamating these factors, it calculates a company's equivalent impact on key global ecosystems in terms of biodiversity conservation and service provision, expressed as the number of hectares of the most significant ecosystems fully degraded.

GICS Sectors by Ecosystem Footprint

Impact & Dependency Risk

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