Swiss Re Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Index (BES)

Source: Swiss Re BES Index A business case for reinsurance and measuring the value of nature

The Swiss Re Institute Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (BES) Index assesses which economic sectors are most reliant on nature and evaluates the exposure each country has to BES decline.

References the IPBES - NCP framework but focuses on ES related risks and dependencies of the reinsurance and insurance industries.

Ecosystem Services Categories

Does not break down by category. Does include “provision” after certain classes.

Ecosystem Services Classified

Habitat Intactness

Air Quality & Local Climate

Water Security

Soil Fertility


Water Quality

Erosion Control

Coastal Protection

Food Provision

Timber Provision

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